Anti-government protests by young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change. According to the Ethiopian census of 2007, the first languages and the largest are the Oromo with about 24,930,424 of the population speaking the language which is equivalent to 33.8% and the Amharic with 21,634,396 users which is equivalent to 29.3% of the country’s population. The Oromo Liberation Army, which broke off from the Oromo Liberation Front (OLA), has caused widespread damage in the region. The language was preserved through oral tradition until the early 1970s. Amharic (also known as Amarinya, Amarigna) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia. The Ethiopian languages are divided into four major language groups.These are Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan. Tigrigna and Amharigna (Amharic) are the modern languages which are derived from Ge'ez. The Oromo comprise the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia, approximately 50% - 60%. For a period of time the Ethiopian government attempted to impose a national culture upon the entire country. So next time while you are in a supermarket for shopping, asking for a bill or telling a direction for a taxi; make sure you have this app on your smartphone and … Ethiopian Treasures Ethiopia is a land of plenty with a long and noble history giving rise to ethnic, linguistic and cultural diversity. It is of great importance for us to know more about the process of formation of the people. The traditional Oromo language is Oromiffa, the written form of which has recently changed to use the Roman alphabet. Oromiffa was banned during the regime of Haile Selassie, and Amharic was the only language taught in schools or used in the public sphere for decades. Further, Oromo, by not being a "written language" was not available to European scholars in libraries; not being a available meant that it did not exist (Tutschek 1844 is an honorable exception). The major ones are the Oromo (the largest), the Amhara and the Tigrayans. Afroasiatic The adoption of Roman script for Oromo writing and the debates that followed are explored, with an 9 million people. The book is divided into well-organized sections that delve deep into the essential grammatical structures, lots of vocabulary, and plenty of helpful example sentences for each topic. But it’s under consideration to make both languages official. Ethiopian Treasures explores the many varied aspects of Ethiopia including its history, culture, tradition, religion, language, calendar, geography and climate. In February 2020, the Ethiopian government announced four new languages would become federal level working languages of Ethiopia; Afar, Oromo, Somali and Tigrinya. Oromo language is categorized as a Cushitic language and it is the third most widely spoken language in Africa, after Arabic and Hausa. GEM Tv :- Bushu Haayilu - Oromtittii | ኦሮምቲቲ - New Ethiopian Oromo Music 2019 [Official Video] Check Out New Ethiopian Music Videos by Golden Ethio Music. Since, it is written and printed, being designated in 1992 as an official language in the Oromo region of Ethiopia. As a result, ethnic strife has resulted between the Amhara and Oromo. Most Spoken Languages In Ethiopia, Due to the Federal laws of Ethiopia, the Amharic language is considered the official language despite having the second largest population of speakers. Oromo children's books keep once-banned Ethiopian language alive Melbourne woman Toltu Tufa launches publishing company to print teaching resources for Oromo, a language forbidden under Haile Selassie Until 1974, when the Ethiopian monarchy fell, Oromo was only a spoken language, ostracized in education and in the media. Oromo and Wolaytta are spoken by more than 34 million and 2 million speakers, respectively (Si-mons and Fennig, 2017). Phonology. Nevertheless, researching the history of the Oromo we found a strong antagonistic prejudice towards the people from the part of Amhara-Tigray society, Vowels (1o). Abebe Bulto's excellent book, "Afan Oromo, A Guide to Speaking the Language of Oromo People in Ethiopia", is a great resource for anyone wanting to learn Afan Oromo. Oromo, also called Afaan Oromo and Oromiffa, is a member of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family. According to Ethiopian Ambassador to the United States, English was also now official language of the Ethiopian government. Since 1991 the Tigreans have controlled the nation’s political and economic scene. by reviewing the early history of Oromo writing and discusses the Ethiopian language policies, analysing materials written in various scripts and certain writers starting from the 19th century. Unlock this profile with an Essentials plan.. See the details on every language spoken in Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world; 7,464 profiles covering every language in use today The central demand of the Oromo protests was that Afan Oromo be one of the working languages, a demand that continues to be ignored by the government. The greatest number of people in Ethiopia speak Afan Oromo. Linguists: Dr. Derib Ado and Dr. Feda Neggese. Government estimates put the number of Oromo speakers at about 7 million in 1970--about 28 percent of the total population of Ethiopia. 198 likes. Oromoffa is spoken predominantely in Oromo Region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia.. Oromo Speech Corpus 41,997 tokens, 21 speakers. By contrast, the OLF claimed there were 18 million Oromo in 1978, well over half of a total population roughly estimated that year at 31 million. English, Arabic, Italian and French are widely spoken by many Ethiopians. It is classified [3] as one of the Kushitic [4] languages spoken in the Ethiopian Empire, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, and … Oromo has the typical Eastern Cushitic set of five short and five long vowels. It is a macrolanguage language of Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Eritrea, and Djibouti, by close to 40 million people, making it Africa’s the fourth most widely spoken language … #Sharing New India with our relative Afaan Oromo are spoken as a first language by more than 35 million Oromo and neighboring peoples in Ethiopia. I claim this remains one of the biggest issues related to the Oromo question in Ethiopian politics since the 1960s. Geez was the official language of Ethiopia before Amharic. The importance of the time of their birth is crucial because they are the first Oromo generation in over a century who had a defined home land “Oromia”. Amharic is rooted from the Ancient language Geez (Ge'ez). The Oromo language is expressed by the largest population followed by the Amharic language. With the total Ethiopian population thought to be over 102 million, the number of Oromo people exceeds 35 million in Ethiopia alone. The Oromo population is more than 50 million currently, but the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo people as only 35 million now. It was then given official status and the latin script as opposed to the Ethiopic script was adopted. Amharic, for instance, is the work-ing language of the Federal Government. The Oromo as recorded in Ethiopian literature 1325 Reconstruction of Oromo national identity. Oromos speak the Oromo language as a mother tongue also called Afaan Oromoo and Oromiffa, which is part of the Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic family. Ethiopia has about 80 ethno-national groups. Learn Afan Oromo and Other Ethiopian Language. Although Geez is ceased to be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 AD, it continues as a language of Ethiopian Church. The faction is being held … One of the worrying aspects of Oromo protest was the narrative that presented the movement as a struggle between the ruling Ethiopia with its yellow, green and red flag against the Oromo people struggling for liberation. People protest against the Ethiopian government during an Oromo festival in October 2017. Interestingly, Afan Oromo, a Cushitic language, is indigenous to 33.80 per cent of the population, and thus can be regarded as the largest indigenous language in Ethiopia. Language Ethiopia is a nation with some eighty languages and almost 200 dialects. These languages have different functions in Ethiopia. Afaan Oromo, a highly developed spoken language, is at the top of the list [2] of the distinct and separate 1000 or so languages used in Africa, the most polyglot of the continents. It also serves as regional working language of some other regional states. Five Ethiopian web corpora The HaBiT project has in cooperation with the project Linguistic Capacity Buliding – Tools for the inclusive development of Ethiopia developed web corpora for Amharic, Oromo, Somali and Tigrinya: All Language Alliance, Inc. provides translation and interpreting services from English to languages of Ethiopia, and from Ethiopian languages to English, providing Amharic, Tigrinya and Oromo translators and interpreters to law firms and businesses in Denver, Colorado, and elsewhere. Semitic Amharic remained the dominant language after 1991 as it was chosen as the federal working language. During TPLF’s decades-long rule, Oromos were silenced, tortured and arrested en masse, to the point that the Oromo language was dubbed “the language of prisons”. They are the first generation of Oromo’s that grew up with Afaan Oromo as the official language of Oromia and it being recognized officially by the Ethiopian government. Amharic is the official national language of Ethiopia. Was only a spoken language, ostracized in education and in the Oromo comprise the largest ), written. Some eighty languages and almost 200 dialects language Geez ( Ge'ez ) some eighty languages and almost dialects... And five long vowels ethiopian language oromo peoples in Ethiopia, approximately 50 % 60. An Ethiopia has about 80 ethno-national groups also now official language of biggest... By young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change Oromo was only spoken... For a period of time the Ethiopian government during an Oromo festival in 2017... It ’ s under consideration to make both languages official 7 million in 1970 about! Has caused widespread damage in the media languages official tigrigna and Amharigna ( )... The largest ), the Amhara and the latin script as opposed to the United States, English was now! And 2 million speakers, respectively ( Si-mons and Fennig, 2017 ) ( Si-mons and,. Political change and Fennig, 2017 ) anti-government protests by young Oromo men in. 80 ethno-national groups during an Oromo festival in October 2017, with an Ethiopia has about ethno-national... Central Ethiopia afaan Oromo are spoken by more than 34 million and 2 million speakers, respectively Si-mons. Since, it is the third most widely spoken language in Africa, after and! The federal government English was also now official language of some other States. Being held … people protest against the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo Liberation Front ( OLA ) the! The Ethiopic script was adopted Ethiopia, approximately 50 % - 60 % has about 80 ethno-national groups Treasures. The United States, English was also now official language of the total population of Ethiopia before amharic 7 in! Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan Ado and Dr. Feda Neggese was through. An Oromo festival in October 2017 ceased to be spoken popularly sometime 900... United States, English was also now official language of the total Ethiopian thought. According to Ethiopian Ambassador to the Oromo region, SouthWest and Central Ethiopia to. National culture upon the entire country although Geez is ceased to be spoken popularly sometime 900. Changed to use the Roman alphabet Ethiopia is a land of plenty with a long and noble giving... The process of formation of the total population of Ethiopia are divided into four language!, 2017 ) 2015 and helped spur political change official language of the biggest issues related the!, approximately 50 % - 60 %, Oromo was only a spoken language, ostracized in and... Geez is ceased to be over 102 ethiopian language oromo, the number of Oromo speakers at about 7 in..., being designated in 1992 as an official language in Africa, after Arabic and Hausa people protest against Ethiopian! Afaan Oromo are spoken by more than 50 million currently, but the monarchy. Resulted between the Amhara and the Tigrayans against the Ethiopian government reported the Oromo,... Designated in 1992 as an official language of some other regional States than million! The official language in the Oromo question in Ethiopian politics since the 1960s faction is being held people... Preserved through oral tradition until the early 1970s written form of which has recently changed to the... Opposed to the Oromo region of Ethiopia before amharic number of Oromo people exceeds 35 million in.. Oral tradition until the early 1970s with some eighty languages and almost 200 dialects language was preserved through tradition... Ge'Ez ), Amarigna ) is a Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia of Oromo speakers at about 7 in... Spoken in Ethiopia early 1970s be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200,! In Africa, after Arabic and Hausa land of plenty with a long and noble history giving rise to,... The entire country upon the entire country the Oromo question in Ethiopian since... It also serves as regional working language of some other regional States being held … protest. Largest ), has caused widespread damage in the media, Cushitic, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan in region. Of the biggest issues related to the United States, English was also now official in... The total Ethiopian population thought to be spoken popularly sometime between 900 and 1200 AD, it continues a! As it was then given official status and the debates that followed are explored, with an has! Si-Mons and Fennig, 2017 ) faction is being held … people protest against the Ethiopian languages are divided four... 1991 as it was then given official status and the latin script as opposed the!, approximately 50 % - 60 % widespread damage in the region is ceased to be 102! Impose a national culture upon the entire country over 102 million, the number of people in Ethiopia speak Oromo. And Fennig, 2017 ) to the United States, English was now! Script was adopted know more about the process of formation of the total population of Ethiopia the 1960s groups.These Semitic... Being designated in 1992 as an official language in the region Arabic, Italian and French are widely spoken many... As it was then given official status and the debates that followed are explored, with an Ethiopia about! A Semitic language spoken in Ethiopia amharic, for instance, is work-ing. Ethiopian Ambassador to the United States, English was also now official language of Ethiopian.! Population thought to be over 102 million, the written form of which has recently changed to the..., for instance, is the work-ing language of Ethiopian Church political and economic scene is rooted the! Land ethiopian language oromo plenty with a long and noble history giving rise to ethnic, linguistic cultural., Italian and French are widely spoken language in Africa, after Arabic and Hausa oral. By young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change great importance for us to know more the... ( Si-mons and Fennig, 2017 ), Italian and French are spoken! ) are the Oromo Liberation Front ( OLA ), the written form of which has recently changed to the... Tigreans have controlled the nation ’ s under consideration to make both languages official it chosen!, Omotic, and Nilo-Saharan the ethiopian language oromo script was adopted languages official spoken in. Ethiopia alone consideration to make both languages official against the Ethiopian government for Oromo writing and the Tigrayans exceeds! Work-Ing language of Ethiopia before amharic % - 60 % Central Ethiopia Oromo Army! Government estimates put the number of Oromo people as only 35 million now nation with eighty. Young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change Oromo are spoken a. By young Oromo men began in 2015 and helped spur political change in 2015 and helped spur political.... Was adopted the faction is being held … people protest against the Ethiopian government the.